Demonstrative adjectives in English.
How to use: this, that, these and those.
The demonstrative adjectives help us explain where things are in space. This and that are used to talk about singular or uncountable things. These and those are for plural things:
This (strawberry) ...
That (strawberry) ...
These (cherries) ...
Those (cherries) ...
The demonstrative adjectives come before the noun or other adjectives:
Demonstratives as pronouns.
The demonstratives can also be used without the noun as pronouns:
Demonstratives and events in time.
These words can also help us explain where events are in time. This, these are usually used for events close to the present. That, those are usually for events a long way from the present. Events may be in the past or the future:
That terrible Monday was the worst day in my life.
Note that we say this + date when we refer to a date in the present time period. We say next + date if we refer to a date in a future time period:
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