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The Spanish verb

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Ways of addressing people in Spanish 1

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Translating verbs  "have" and "be" in Spanish

Spanish imperatives and subjunctives 1

Imperatives and subjunctives 2

Shopping expressions in Spanish

Ways of expressing "to be" in Spanish 1

Ways of expressing "to be" 2

Spanish relative pronouns 1

Relative pronouns 2

Relative pronouns 3

Relative pronouns 4

Relative pronouns 5

Relative pronouns 6

Spanish prepositions 1

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Prepositions 3

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Prepositions 6

Prepositions 7

Prepositions 8

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Prepositions "en" and "con"

Expressing possibility in Spanish

Expressing possession

Expressing quantities 1

Expressing quantities 2

How to use "a little", "little", "a few" in Spanish

How to say "couple" and "pair"

The Spanish word "igual" and related expressions

Expressing "get" in Spanish 1

Expressing "get" 2

Expressing "get" 3

Expressing "can" in Spanish

The future and the subjunctive in Spanish

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THE SPANISH VERB (...IR / ...ER endings)

 

Back to THE SPANISH VERB

A verb in Spanish must have one of three endings in the infinitive: '...ar',  '...er',   '...ir'.  What is significant here is that the '...ir' and '...er' verb endings of regular verbs are identical in nearly all tenses and moods with very few exceptions. Look for these exceptions (marked in red) rather then learn the two groups separately.  I've marked the Future Subjunctive with an *. This tense is nowadays only found in literature and legal language.

VIVIR y COMER

(Remember: the 'usted' form takes the same as 'él' and 'ustedes' the same as 'ellos')

To see how the 'compound tenses' (eg. I have eaten etc) follow the patterns as with  SALTAR (compound tenses)

Simple tenses (indicative)

COMER (infinitive)

Presente Simple

(I      

  eat)

yo

como

comes

él/ella

come

nosotros

comemos

vosotros

coméis

ellos

comen

Pretérito Perfecto Simple

(I     

    ate)

yo

comí

comiste

él

comió

nosotros

comimos

vosotros

comisteis

nosotros

comieron

Pretérito Imperfecto

(I    

    ate)

y.

comía

t.

comías

é.

comía

n.

comíamos

v.

comíais

e.

comían

Futuro

(I      will  

    eat)

y.

comeré

t.

comerás

é.

comerá

n.

comeremos

v.

comeréis

e.

comerán

Condicional

(I  would

  eat)

y.

comería

t.

comerías

é.

comería

n.

comeríamos

v.

comeríais

e.

comerían

 

Imperativo 

  (eg.orders)

eat!

come

(tú)

coma

(él, usted)

comamos

(nosotros)

comed

(vosotros)

coman

(ellos, ustedes)

gerundio: comiendo

participio: comido

 

VIVIR (infinitive)

Presente Simple

(I      

  live)

yo

vivo

vives

él/ella

vive

nosotros

vivimos

vosotros

vivís

ellos

viven

Pretérito Perfecto Simple

(I     

    lived)

yo

viví

viviste

él

vivió

nosotros

vivimos

vosotros

vivisteis

nosotros

vivieron

Pretérito  Imperfecto

(I    

    lived)

y.

vivía

t.

vivías

é.

vivía

n.

vivíamos

v.

vivíais

e.

vivían

Futuro

(I      will  

    live)

y.

viviré

t.

vivirás

é.

vivirá

n.

viviremos

v.

viviréis

e.

vivirán

Condicional

(I  would

   live)

y.

viviría

t.

vivirías

é.

viviría

n.

viviríamos

v.

viviríais

e.

vivirían

 

Imperativo 

  (eg.orders)

live!

vive

(tú)

viva

(él, usted)

vivamos

(nosotros)

vivid

(vosotros)

vivan

(ellos, ustedes)

gerundio: viviendo

participio: vivido

 

Simple tenses (subjunctive)

COMER

Presente Simple

(that    

 I   eat)

yo

coma

comas

él

coma

nosotros

comamos

vosotros

comáis

ellos

coman

Pretérito  Imperfecto

(that

         I       ate)

y.

comiera/comiese

t.

comieras/comieses

é.

comiera/comiese

n.

comiéramos/comiésemos

v.

comierais/comieseis

e.

comieran/comiesen

Futuro*

(that   I

  will  eat)

y.

comiere

t.

comieres

é.

comiere

n.

comiéremos

v.

comiereis

e.

comieren

 

VIVIR

Presente Simple

(that    

 I   live)

yo

viva

vivas

él

viva

nosotros

vivamos

vosotros

viváis

ellos

vivan

Pretérito  Imperfecto

 

 (that      I       lived)

y.

viviera/viviese

t.

vivieras/vivieses

é.

viviera/viviese

n.

viviéramos/viviésemos

v.

vivierais/vivieseis

e.

vivieran/viviesen

 

Futuro*

(that   I

  will  live)

y.

viviere

t.

vivieres

é.

viviere

n.

viviéremos

v.

viviereis

e.

vivieren

 

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