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The Spanish verb

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THE SPANISH VERB, conjugations, Spanish verb tables, irregular Spanish verbs, subjunctive, passive...

I have only included the conjugation of the verb 'SALTAR' here. (For the conjugation of other verbs see the links in the box below)

I use the Spanish terminology for the verb description because the English terms can be misleading.

Below the name of each verb type, I offer a literal translation of the first person singular form eg. 'I jump'.  This is just a broad reference to help you identify the verb type. The communicative use of the verb type in Spanish may often differ in English.

The Future Subjunctives marked with an * are nowadays only seen in literature and legal language.

 

VERB CONJUGATIONS

For the conjugation only of '...ir' and '...er' regular verbs go to VIVIR / COMER

For the conjugation of IRREGULAR VERBS: ANDAR, DAR, ESTAR, CAER, CABER, HACER, PODER

For the conjugation of IRREGULAR VERBS: PONER, QUERER, SABER, SER, TRAER, VALER, VER

For the conjugation of IRREGULAR VERBS: DECIR, IR, OÍR, SALIR, VENIR

For the conjugation of the IRREGULAR AUXILIARY VERB 'HABER': see SALTAR below)

SALTAR  (To jump)

(Remember: the 'usted' form takes the same as 'él' and 'ustedes' the same as 'ellos')

INDICATIVE MODE OF THE VERB

Simple tenses (indicative)

Presente Simple
( I jump)

yo

salto

saltas

él/ella

salta

nosotros/as

saltamos

vosotros/as

saltáis

ellos

saltan

Pretérito Perfecto Simple
(I jumped)

yo

salté

saltaste

él/ella

saltó

nos...

saltamos

vos...

saltasteis

ellos

saltaron

Pretérito Imperfecto Simple
(I jumped)

y.

saltaba

t.

saltabas

é.

saltaba

n.

saltábamos

v.

saltabais

e.

saltaban

Futuro Simple
(I will jump)

y.

saltaré

t.

saltarás

é.

saltará

n.

saltaremos

v.

saltaréis

e.

saltarán

Condicional
(I would jump)

y.

saltaría

t.

saltarías

é.

saltaría

n.

saltaríamos

v.

saltaríais

e.

saltarían

 

 

Compound tenses (indicative)

Pretérito Perfecto Compuesto
(I have jumped)

yo

he

saltado

has

saltado

él/ella

ha

saltado

nos...

hemos

saltado

vos...

habéis

saltado

ellos

han

saltado

 

Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto
(I had jumped)

yo

había

saltado

habías

saltado

él/ella

había

saltado

nos...

habíamos

saltado

vos...

habíais

saltado

ellos

habían

saltado

Pretérito Anterior
(I had jumped)

y.

hube

saltado

t.

hubiste

saltado

é.

hubo

saltado

n.

hubimos

saltado

v.

hubisteis

saltado

e.

hubieron

saltado

Futuro  Perfecto
(I will have jumped)

y.

habré

saltado

t.

habrás

saltado

é.

habrá

saltado

n.

habremos

saltado

v.

habréis

saltado

e.

habrán

saltado

Condicional Perfecto
(I would have jumped)

y.

habría

saltado

t.

habrías

saltado

é.

habría

saltado

n.

habríamos

saltado

v.

habríais

saltado

e.

habrían

saltado

Pretérito Imperfecto Compuesto
(I was jumping)

y.

estaba

saltando

t.

estabas

''

é.

estaba

''

n.

estábamos

''

v.

estabais

''

e.

estaban

''

Gerundio (Presente)
(I am jumping)

y.

estoy

saltando

t.

estás

saltando

é.

está

saltando

n.

estamos

saltando

v.

estáis

saltando

e.

están

saltando

Gerundio (Pretérito)
(I jumped / had jumped / was jumping)

y.

estuve

saltando

t.

estuviste

saltando

é

estuvo

saltando

n.

estuvimos

saltando

v.

estuvisteis

saltando

e.

estuvieron

saltando

 

SUBJUNCTIVE MODE OF THE VERB

Simple tenses (subjunctive)

Presente Simple
(that I jump)

y.

salte

t.

saltes

é

salte

n.

saltemos

v.

saltéis

e.

salten

Futuro*
(that I will jump)

y.

saltare

t.

saltares

é.

saltare

n.

saltáremos

v.

saltareis

e.

saltaren

Imperativo (eg. orders)
(jump!)

salta

(tú)

salte

(él, usted)

saltemos

(nosotros)

saltad

(vosotros)

salten

(ellos, ustedes)

Pretérito Imperfecto
(that I jumped)

y.

saltara/saltase

t.

saltaras/saltases

é

saltara/saltase

n.

saltáramos/saltásemos

v.

saltarais/saltaseis

e.

saltaran/saltasen

Compound tenses (subjunctive)

Pretérito Perfecto Compuesto
(that I have jumped)

y.

haya

saltado

t.

hayas

saltado

é

haya

saltado

n.

hayamos

saltado

v.

hayáis

saltado

e.

hayan

saltado

Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto
(that I had jumped)

y.

hubiera/hubiese

saltado

t.

hubieras/hubieses

''

é.

hubiera/hubiese

''

n.

hubiéramos/hubiésemos

''

v.

hubierais/hubieses

''

e.

hubieran/hubieses

''

 

Futuro  Perfecto*
(that I will jump)

y.

hubiere

saltado

t.

hubieres

''

é.

hubiere

''

n.

hubiéremos

''

v.

hubiereis

''

e.

hubieren

''

Gerund: saltando

Participio: saltado

 

Here are other possible conjugations of the Spanish verb.  Although grammatically correct, some forms (marked rare) may sound peculiar to a native Spanish speaker. All forms are just shown with one person.

Indicative continuous:-

yo estaré saltando - I will be jumping

yo estaría saltando - I would be jumping

yo he estado saltando - I have been jumping

yo había estado saltando - I had been jumping

yo habré estado saltando - I shall/will have been jumping

yo habré estado saltando - I would have been jumping

Subjunctive continuous:-

yo esté saltando - that I am jumping

yo estuviera/estuviese saltando - that I was jumping

yo estuviere hablando - that I will be jumping (rare)

yo haya estado hablando - that I have been jumping

Passive:-

es enviado/se envía - it is sent

fue enviado/se envió - it was sent

era enviado/se enviaba - it was (or, it used to be) sent

será enviado/se enviará - it will be sent

sería enviado/se enviaría - it would be sent

ha sido enviado/se ha enviado - it has been sent

había sido enviado/se había enviado - it had been sent

habrá sido enviado/se habrá enviado - it will have been sent

habría sido enviado/se habría enviado - it would have been sent

 

The passive continuous with 'siendo' is rare in Spain though it appears to be used in parts of South America.

está siendo enviado/está enviándose  - it is being sent

estaba siendo enviado/estaba enviándose - it was being sent

estará siendo enviado/estará enviándose - it will be being sent

estaría siendo enviado/estaría enviándose - it would be being sent

(An alternative of these versions would be: "se está enviando" etc.)

Passive Subjunctive:-

que sea enviado/se envíe - that it be sent

que fuera (fuese) enviado/se enviara (se enviase) - that it were sent

que fuere enviado/se enviare - that it will be sent

 

 

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